When cutting trees, it is essential to use appropriate work techniques, not only to create a safe work environment, but also to increase work efficiency.
- Preliminary planning
When it comes to felling trees with a chainsaw, preparation is key. If you plan the logging and the forestry equipment that you are going to take, you will not only be making the working day safer, but also greatly facilitate the work that follows the felling. First, ask yourself if there are any major obstacles in the area, such as power lines, roads or buildings. Distribute warning signs if you know there is a road that crosses the forest area or that there are many people passing through that area on a daily basis.
- Check the direction of fall
Next, determine the direction of fall by carefully studying the tree. What do the branches look like and how do they grow? Also note the wind direction. If you do not have clear the direction of natural fall of the tree, stay away from it and check it with a plumb line (see the data box for information). Clear the area around the expected fall direction of the tree. It also clears a 45-degree zone behind the tree in both directions, to create an escape route. The best Tree cutting service is needed for such works
- Trimming the trunk
When you have cleared the area, place the warning signs in the direction of fall of the tree and the escape route that you have decided. You should check that you have enough fuel in the tank for the task in front of you. Then it will be time to prune the trunk to get rid of all the big and small branches that can hinder the path when making the felling cut. The safest way to prune is to do it with a chain of shot (under the sword) from top to bottom.
- Decide the cutting technique
Once the trunk has been trimmed to shoulder height, it is time to cut the felling. When doing so, it is important to remember two things: the hinge must have a uniform thickness with the appropriate dimensions and the felling wedge or the breaker bar must be inserted before the tree can engage the sword. The cutting technique you should use will depend on the size of the tree and the slope, as well as the size of the chainsaw. Here we have compiled information about the different techniques, so that you can find for yourself the method that best suits your conditions.
- Check if the tree has diseases
If you notice that the wood is discolored and soft or if the lower part of the trunk seems swollen or sick, you should be very careful. This indicates that the tree is rotten and the fibers of the wood are weakened. If this happens, carry out logging in the direction of natural fall of the tree and use a winch if you are not sure. Putrefaction usually decreases the higher up in the tree, so one option would be to knock it down leaving a stump higher than normal.
- Choose the tool
You can choose between several demolition tools when cutting a tree. The size of the tree determines the type of forest equipment needed. In the case of smaller trees, demolition tools are not usually necessary. The manual force is sufficient, perhaps with the help of a long bar. The demolition wedge offers a greater demolition force than the different types of desgajadoras bars. In extreme cases, you can use a rope and winch, which is the safest and most powerful way to knock down a tree. Take a look at the data box to get more information about the different tools available.